NonVerbal LD

Nonverbal Learning Disorder Syndrome (NVLD)

A Nonverbal Learning Disorder is a specific type of learning disability that affects both a child's academic progress as well as their social and emotional development.

Nonverbal Learning Disorder is a combination of  learning, academic, social and emotional issues. Most children with learning disabilities do not have significant problems with normal social and emotional development. Some children may have the academic difficulties associated with NVLD but do quite well socially and emotionally. A valid diagnosis of NVLD includes a combination of learning, academic, social and emotional issues as described in this article. Additionally, because the pattern of academic strengths and weaknesses may not show up early in life, and difficulties with social relations are not always apparent in the very young, it is often difficult to make a diagnosis of NVLD until a child is in middle-to-late elementary school.

Nonverbal Learning Disability Signs and Symptoms

Frequent nonverbal learning disability symptoms surface at various stages of the developmental process.

Preschool: 

  • delay in understanding or using spoken language
  • difficulty understanding simple instructions
  • lengthy pauses before naming objects and colors
  • limited awareness or interest in books
  • difficulty coloring or drawing
  • problems with motor coordination
  • short attention span (won't sit through one storybook).

School Age Children:

  • difficulty understanding and following instructions
  • trouble remembering what someone just told them
  • failing to master reading, spelling, writing, and math skills and therefore failing schoolwork
  • difficulty telling the difference between "right" and "left"
  • problems identifying words or a tendency to reverse letters, numbers or words
  • lacking motor coordination when walking, playing sports, holding a pencil or trying to tie a shoelace
  • frequently losing or misplacing homework, schoolbooks or other items
  • unable to understand the concept of time (confused by the difference between "yesterday," "today," and "tomorrow."

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